Who is considered the father of modern philosophy?

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Mathematician, physicist and maximum representative of rational thought, Descartes declared himself an enemy of scholasticism.

Who is considered the father of modern philosophy?


Who is the father of modern philosophy and why?

Its greatest exponent and also considered the father of modern philosophy was René Descartes (1596-1650) whose most famous phrase is “I think, therefore I am”. In philosophy, Descartes is considered the founder of modern philosophy, who will have a great influence after his death (1650).

Why is Descartes considered the founder of modern philosophy?

Descartes is considered the father of modern philosophy because in him we find, for the first time, two essential characteristics of said philosophy, which are: the elaboration of a theory of knowledge and the concern for the method.

Who is the representative of modern philosophy?

1. The most important authors were born in the British Isles, between the 17th and 18th centuries (Modern Age) and their most prominent representatives are John Locke (1632-1704), George Berkeley (1685-1753) and David Hume (1711-1776). ), who is considered its highest and most radical representative. two.

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Who was the first representative of modern philosophy?

René Descartes broke with the scholastic tradition, starting modern philosophy in general and rationalism in particular.

Who was the first philosopher of the Modern Age?

Descartes (1596-1650) is considered to be the first modern philosopher mainly because his work explicitly raises some of the questions that arose in a context of transition between medieval visions in crisis and the conformation of modern science.

What did Descartes do in modern philosophy?

He is unanimously considered the founder of modern philosophy, regardless of his great contributions to mathematics and physics. René Descartes affirmed that the thinking subject can doubt everything except that he is thinking.

What is the importance of Descartes in modern philosophy?

Descartes is foundational for modern philosophy, laying down many of the foundations and assumptions on which it is developed. … Descartes contributed to the development of the law that allows revealing the positive and negative roots in algebraic equations, or “Cartesian law of signs”.

How is René Descartes considered?

Descartes is considered as the initiator of modern rationalist philosophy for his approach and resolution of the problem of finding a foundation of knowledge that guarantees its certainty, and as the philosopher who represents the definitive breaking point with scholasticism.

What is the origin of modern philosophy?

Modern philosophy was born at the beginning of the Renaissance and the Protestant Reformation until the last years of the last century, the 20th century. After centuries and centuries of philosophizing about issues circumscribed to the theology, a reactionary spirit of protest arises against the traditional position of philosophy.

What is the meaning of the Modern Age for philosophy?

Modern philosophy is defined as the intention to come to the same terms of intellectual involvement to solve problems arising from the scientific revolution and encompasses great thinkers from the time of the Renaissance from the fourteenth century to around the year 1800.

When did modern philosophy begin?

Modern philosophy begins chronologically from the fifteenth century, just when the end of the Middle Ages is marked.

What were the contributions of René Descartes to modern thought?

He affirmed a substantial dualism between the soul and the body, breaking with the Aristotelian tradition. His best-known philosophical statement is “I think, therefore I am” (Latin cogito, ergo sum; French je pense, donc je suis), found in Discourse on Method (1637) and Principles of Philosophy (1644). ).

What does René Descartes say about philosophy?

Descartes viewed philosophy as the study of wisdom. And to him wisdom meant perfect knowledge of all things that human beings can know and understand. Descartes, therefore, also included in his philosophy metaphysics, physics, and the natural sciences.

What are the fundamental characteristics of modern philosophy?

Modern philosophy is defined as the attempt to come to the same terms of intellectual involvement to solve problems arising from the scientific revolution and encompasses great thinkers from the time of the Renaissance in the fourteenth century to around the year 1800.

What is the main idea of ​​Rene Descartes?

“I think, therefore I am” (in Latin: cogito, ergo sum) “Feeling is nothing other than thinking” “I would give everything I know for half what I do not know” “Two things contribute to advancing: going faster than others others or go on the right path”

What thinkers stand out in modern ontology?

Three authors stand out from contemporary Ontology; Federico Nietzsche, Martin Heidegger and Xavier Zubiri.

What philosophical currents developed at the beginning of modern times?

In the development of modern philosophy, dissimilar theories of knowledge were developed, among the main ones are: rationalism, empiricism, and idealism (Marías, 1980).

When did modern philosophy end?

In general, Modern Philosophy is understood as the development of Philosophy from the end of the 16th century until the death of E. Kant, at the beginning of the 19th century.

What were the main themes of modern philosophy?

The themes of Modern Philosophy are:

  • René Descartes and Rationalism.
  • David Hume and Empiricism.
  • Jean Jacques Rousseau and the French Enlightenment.
  • Immanuel Kant and Transcendental Idealism.

When does the Modern Age begin and when does it end for philosophy?

Our history, the History of Philosophy in the Modern Age, begins in 1637 with Descartes’ Discourse on the Method and concludes in 1889, when Nietzsche irrevocably enters mental derangement; barely 250 years old, but of extraordinary power in the creation of philosophical systems, which marks …

What thought do they have in the Modern Age?

In Modernity there is a substantial change in the way of conceiving the world and reality in relation to the Middle Ages. … Within modern thought we can distinguish two main trends: rationalism and empiricism.

What are the pillars of modern philosophy?

Doubt, reason, research and subjectivity, its pillars

Doubt, investigation and reason are the great stars and the pillars on which it will be based, and it is precisely on them that it will be sought to find the certainties to the doubts that arise.

What is the starting point of modern philosophy?

History of modern philosophy

The doubts raised about the possibility of an objective knowledge of reality, material or divine, will make the problem of knowledge the starting point of philosophical reflection.