What were the tortures in the military dictatorship?

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Asked by: Marco Lerma | Last update: January 4, 2022
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Repeated beatings: One of the most common methods of torture applied by repressive agencies was brutal and repeated beatings of detainees, many times these beatings consisted of punches, kicks, jumps on the stomach, blows to the soles of the feet, etc.

What methods did the military use with the detainees?

The methods used for the murder and disappearance of the corpses varied from the so-called death flights, mass executions, mass graves, NN graves, cremation of corpses, etc. laundering: the detained-disappeared person was legalized and placed at the disposal of the National Executive Power.

What did they do to people in the military dictatorship?

Widespread and systematic human rights violations were committed, including torture and large-scale extrajudicial executions, including the notorious “death flights”, in which victims were thrown to their deaths from military planes or helicopters.

How are kidnappings carried out in the dictatorship?

They caught the victims in the street, in bars, cinemas, in their houses or in the place where they were at that moment. Once detained, they were transferred to a clandestine detention center (it is estimated that they worked up to 610) where they were interrogated through a regimen of systematic torture.

What kind of torture was implemented in the Argentine dictatorship?

Judging by the enormous number of testimonies of beaten people, it can be affirmed that repeated beatings constituted the most used method of torture during the military regime and, in general, the first that was applied to the victims of the repression.

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How did the clandestine detention centers work?

The clandestine detention centers (CCD) were secret facilities used by the armed and security forces to carry out the systematic plan for the disappearance of people implemented by the military dictatorship that held power in Argentina between March 24, 1976 and 10 December 1983, …

What happened to the babies born in clandestine detention centers?

Kidnapping and disappearance of babies during the dictatorship

One of the most aberrant aspects of the last Argentine dictatorship (1976-1983), was the kidnapping and disappearance of babies of the detained-disappeared. … It is estimated that some 500 children were kidnapped-disappeared.

How was the clandestine repression carried out?

The dictatorship established a clandestine structure for the repression of opponents, which included “task groups”, kidnappings and forced disappearances, clandestine detention and torture centers, illegal mechanisms to assassinate people and dispose of their corpses, secret medical facilities to treat . ..

What happened during the last military dictatorship?

On March 24, 1976, the commanders of the three armed forces, Jorge Rafael Videla, Emilio Massera and Orlando Agosti (Military Junta), overthrew the constitutional government of María Estela Martínez de Perón, who assumed the presidency after the death of General Juan Domingo Perón, on July 1, 1974; …

What things were prohibited during the military dictatorship?

The famous “black lists”1 appeared where books, songs, movies, magazines, etc. were banned. … Also, in the private sphere, those works of culture (books, magazines, posters) that might seem suspicious or be described as “subversive” by the military were burned.

Who supported the Argentine dictatorship?

The economic groups, such as the Argentine Rural Society or the financial companies, explicitly offered their support to the dictatorship. From that perspective, what was required was a profound transformation of the political and economic-social structure that the country had for almost 40 years.

How did you live at the time of March 24, 1976?

On March 24, 1976, the commanders of the three arms, Jorge Rafael Videla, Emilio Massera and Orlando Agosti (Military Junta), through a civic-military coup d’état, overthrew the constitutional government of María Estela at dawn that day. Martínez de Perón, who had assumed the presidency after the …

How was the repressive apparatus of the Military Junta structured?

It was thus that the primary responsibility was precisely at the head of the Army, and under its operational control were the Federal Police, the provincial police and the Federal Penitentiary System; and it was even arranged that the SIDE would also remain under its functional control.

What was the Argentine army doing during the civic-military dictatorship of 1976?

During the time of the military dictatorship from 1976 to 1983, clandestine detention centers operated, with the Navy Mechanics School (ESMA) and Garage Olimpo among the best known in the city of Buenos Aires.

What are clandestine detention centers?

Already in the clandestine centers, the detained-disappeared and the detained-disappeared were subjected to physical, emotional and psychological torture: isolation, mistreatment, poor food and water, minimal hygiene, sexual violence, among other conditions.

How was the crackdown?

Analyzes of repression have focused on what happened after the coup d’état of March 24, 1976, since it was during the years of the dictatorship that a vast repressive plan was implemented that eliminated thousands of people, imprisoned for years to many others and generated a broad exile…

What worker’s rights were affected during the last civil-military dictatorship from 1976 to 1983?

Suspension for an indefinite period of the negotiations of the joint commissions; suspension of the right to strike and of all measures or direct action; the expendability of public employees was decreed, the validity of the teaching statute was suspended and the employment contract law was modified.

How many governments succeeded each other in the last military dictatorship between 1976 and 1983?

In the 53 years that elapsed since the first successful coup, in 1930, until the last civic-military dictatorship fell in 1983, there were six illegal regimes in power, these having added 25 years in total, where 14 intersected dictators with the title of “president” and various de facto authorities…

What happened during those terrible years?

The years that passed under the dictatorship of the Armed Forces were marked by a constant violation of human rights, crimes against humanity and State terrorism that functioned for the de facto military government as the core and social spirit of the Argentine State.

How many cases of child abduction were resolved?

The antecedents could be traced back to Nazism and Francoism, although the systematicity of the plan is a local merit. In total, Grandmothers and DD organizations. HH gave an account of the appropriation of 400 babies between 1976 and 1980, of which until now have been recovered thanks to the struggle 127.

How were pregnant women treated at ESMA?

The women housed here did not have access to any medical control. The director of the ESMA, Rubén Jacinto Chamorro, called this place the Sardá on the left or the little Sardá, in reference to the maternity hospital in the city of Buenos Aires that bears that name.

What role does the former La Perla cavalry squadron play?

The III Army Corps instituted repression in the region, exercising control over 10 provinces. … Between 1979 and 2007, the former CCDTyE La Perla building served as a military garrison for the 4th Airborne Cavalry Exploration Squadron of the III Army Corps.

What were the main clandestine detention centers in Córdoba?

CCD in the province of Córdoba. In the Province of Córdoba, those with the main illegal activity were those called: “La Ribera”, “La Perla”, “La Perla Chica”, “Hidráulica” and the Information Division of the provincial police.

What emblematic former clandestine detention center was converted into the Museum of Memory in 2004 by decision of President Néstor Kirchner?

On March 24, 2004, the premises where the Escuela de Mecánica de la Armada (ESMA) operated, the emblematic clandestine detention center of the civic-military dictatorship, was recovered by the people and that place that symbolized death became a symbol of life.