What were the requests of the students in 1968?

Asked by: Jon Vergara | Last update: January 22, 2022
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In this sense, the main demand of the Student Movement of 1968 was freedom, in its different meanings. … Freedom of political prisoners. Repeal of article 145 and 145 bis of the Federal Penal Code. Disappearance of the body of grenadiers.

What were the requests of the students?

In July 1968, during the government of President Gustavo Díaz Ordaz, a series of student demonstrations and marches began in Mexico City criticizing the government’s authoritarianism, supporting protests around the world, asking for university autonomy to be respected and demanding freedom. of the …

What was it that the students of 68 were fighting for?

“I rebelled against repression and anti-democracy. Mexico was experiencing a repressive regime that denied the exercise of the most basic freedoms: the right to demonstrate, to associate and to the press. The 1968 movement was in favor of democratic freedoms and for the freedom of political prisoners.

What are the reasons that led the students to participate in the 1968 movement?

The student movement had its apparent origin on July 22 due to a lawsuit between students from neighboring schools, Vocational Schools 2 and 5 of the National Polytechnic Institute (IPN), and Isaac Ochoterena High School, incorporated into the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). .

What was gained by the student movement of 1968?

The movement “helped the country begin to democratize and, later, there was a political alternation”, which materialized in 2000, with the first presidential defeat of the hegemonic Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI). But the student movement of 1968 goes far beyond Tlatelolco.

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What were the consequences of the 1968 massacre?

Slaughter. The number of students and demonstrators killed in Tlatelolco remains unknown, but there is talk of between 300 and 400 deaths by the security forces. To this must be added more than 1,200 arrests.

What were the causes and consequences of the 1968 student movement?

The student movement of 1968 was a political explosion that left a deep mark on the country, although its consequences have been little studied. … The democratic student current was defeated by the Tlatelolco massacre; instead, the massacre made the revolutionary, not democratic, currents triumph.

Why did the movement of 68 occur?

The 1968 movement was born at the end of July, with the strike of high schools 2, 3 and 5 of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) and Vocational 5 of the National Polytechnic Institute (IPN), in response to the brutal aggression that a group of students had received —on July 23—, by the …

Who was to blame for the massacre of ’68?

Gustavo Díaz Ordaz was born in Ciudad Serdán, Puebla and was president of Mexico from 1964 to 1970. He is remembered for having been responsible for the massacre of October 2, 1968, which occurred in the Plaza de las Tres Culturas in Tlatelolco.

What are the achievements of the student movement?

In conclusion, the student movement is a young force, with a libertarian spirit that fights for social demands in search of enforcing justice and equity for the people. It does not defend imperialist ideologies or totalitarian regimes, it only seeks the social and political improvement of a nation.

Who was the President who killed the students?

A state crime

The main perpetrators of the events were the Mexican Army, the secret police and the paramilitaries of the Olimpia Battalion, who carried out the crimes in coordination and under the authorization of President Díaz Ordaz.

How did the student movements of the 1960s come about?

Initially, convened by the Executive Committee of the Federation of Students of the State College, a body headed by the student leader Jesús Araujo Hernández who, together with a large number of groups of university students, called for the autonomy of the University of Guerrero (today the University …

What were the consequences of the French May?

Both movements resulted in the largest student revolt and the largest general strike in the history of France, and possibly Western Europe, supported by more than nine million workers. The student movement was influenced by the hippie movement that was spreading at the time.

When Paris sneezes all of Europe catches a cold?

“When Paris sneezes, Europe catches a cold” was a popular phrase from the 19th century that meant that everything that happened in the French capital was later replicated and extended to the rest of the continent.

Why did the protests start in 1960?

It was a savage response to a spontaneous movement that was emerging from the bowels of the people of Guerrero, tired of excessive authoritarianism and hopeful of the siren songs formulated by the then President of the Republic, Adolfo López Mateos, who went so far as to say that “the caciques last…

When did the student movements begin?

On July 26, 1968, numerous polytechnic and university students went to the Plaza de la Constitución to protest against the attacks on students that had occurred a few days earlier. They never reached the Zócalo, as they were stopped by the police who repressed them and chased them through the streets of the Historic Center.

How do student movements arise at UPTC?

The student movements in Latin America are the result of the defense of higher education and the university; they arise from the discontent of members of the middle classes, who, in the absence of organizations in civil society, channel their concerns through movements…

Who was the President who had the students killed?

With the opening of the Olympic Games, Díaz Ordaz was determined to stop these demonstrations. In September, he ordered the army to occupy the UNAM campus, which took over the campus beating and arresting students indiscriminately.

Who was the leader of the 1968 student movement?

Salvador Martinez della Roca

In 1968 he was arrested along with ten other students by the police, who were released in December of that same year, but he remained in Lecumberri for two more years, six months and nine days.

What was the student movement looking for?

The objective of the student movement was seeking a democratic change in the country, since the citizens were already tired of the government of Gustavo Díaz Ordaz; the people wanted and needed greater political and civil liberties, greater equality and the resignation of the government of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI),…

Who participated in the student movement of 1968?

The student movement of 1968 was a social movement, in which, in addition to students from the UNAM and the IPN, professors, intellectuals, housewives, workers and professionals participated in Mexico City, and which was repressed by the Mexican government through the Tlatelolco massacre that occurred on October 2…

What public or political figures were responsible for the student uprising?

Gustavo Diaz Ordaz

As constitutionally the supreme commander of the Mexican armed forces, he is held ultimately responsible for their actions during the 1968 student movement and its fatal outcome on October 2.