What were the main demands demanded by the workers?

Asked by: Irene Zayas | Last updated: August 9, 2021
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What are the demands of the workers?

Among the demands of the workers is the right to a pension for high risk, the right of association of all the people who work in the mine (including subcontractors), the benefit of the collective agreement for those who are not affiliated to the union, collective agreement every two years and the…

What demands did the labor movement achieve with its struggles?

The labor movement fought, mainly, to achieve two issues: Better working conditions. Among the improvements are, for example, better wages, shorter working hours and security. Political rights.

What workers’ parties were founded during the 19th century in Spain?

In 1872, a group of dissidents were expelled from the Madrid section of the International who founded the New Madrilenian Federation, the first organized group of Marxism in Spain, from which the Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party (PSOE) would come out in 1879, and in 1888 the socialist Union General Union. of Workers (UGT).

What were the demands of the labor movements?

Their demands demanded the regulation of working hours, especially those of women or young people under 16 years of age, of payments to make them in current currency and not in vouchers. As well as insurance for accidents, illness and old age, right to organization, against racial prejudice, among others.

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What were the main demands of the labor movement in Chile?

Through mutuals, societies and joint ventures, Chilean workers at the beginning of the 20th century organized themselves to promote proletarian solidarity and protect their associates in the face of precarious labor legislation.

What was the ideology of the labor movements?

– Utopian socialism (Fourier, Saint Simon, Blanc, etc. b) Revolutionary nature of Marxism: confluence of theory with practice (labor movement) with one goal: the seizure of power by the proletariat, considered as a revolutionary class.

When did the labor movement arise in Spain?

The labor movement in Spain began in Catalonia in the 1830s and 1840s, although it was in the Democratic Sexenio when it was really born with the founding of the Spanish Regional Federation of the First International (FRE-AIT) at the Barcelona Labor Congress in 1870. .

What were the first workers’ associations in Spain?

The first workers’ associations were formed in Barcelona, ​​Malaga and Alcoy. In the first decades of their existence they were prohibited, they were only legalized at certain times during the government of the progressives, but the most common thing was that the right of association was denied to workers.

How did the labor movement arise in the 19th century?

The main impetus for the creation of the working class was the industrial revolution that began in England and then spread to France, Germany and the United States; it was produced by the introduction of the machine in production and produced changes in craft life; this is how the factory appears and the…

What was the motive for the labor movement?

The labor movement arises from the Industrial Revolution as a result of the lack of rights that workers had in the factories. … During the first stage of industrialization, employers had full freedom to set the working conditions of their workers.

What actions did the working class take to assert their rights?

The main actions that made the working class take to assert their rights were: They did not give fair wages. They did not set work hours. … They did not reduce the hours or working days. … What is a worker?

How did the labor movement and trade unionism arise?

During the 1830s and 1840s, workers’ associations were founded in the countries of the European continent, including Germany, France, Spain and Belgium. This labor movement manifested itself in most industrialized countries through other organizations, eg cooperatives.

What are claims?

Vindication is the process and the result of vindicating. This verb refers to protecting or requiring something to which one believes one has the right or to express oneself positively about something or a person.

What was sought to claim?

They wanted to do away with the rule that established the only limitation of not being able to work more than 18 hours in a row without just cause. … That is, the philosophy was: eight hours to work, eight to sleep and eight for the family.

Why did the employers accept the petitions?

The petitions of the workers that were formulated on May 1, 1886 were accepted for the following reasons: Because the workers joined in demonstrations demanding labor demands.

What are the first workers organizations?

In 1857, the first labor organization in the country, the Buenos Aires Typographical Society, was created in Buenos Aires. Other mutuals by trade created in those years were the San Crispín Society of shoemakers and the Mutual Aid Society of Tailors.

What are the labor associations?

3. Labor unions. A union is an association of workers that aims to improve the employment situation of workers. In this associative phenomenon, women were marginalized since they were not accepted, denying in practice equal rights between male and female workers.

What were the first unions in Spain?

THE FIRST UNION OF SPAIN: Association of weavers of Barcelona. 1840.

When did the labor movement begin?

1920-1950.

When does the labor movement begin?

The origins of the labor movement in Spain are located in Catalonia in the 1830s and 1840s, since it was the only place in Spain where there was a modern industry, the cotton textile sector.

What ideological currents supported the Spanish labor movement?

As happened in the other countries of Central and Western Europe, the ideological currents that were most accepted among the Spanish workers and peasants were anarchism and socialism.

What did the workers do in this situation?

Some of the achievements of the workers’ struggle were reflected in labor improvements, such as the following: Limitation of the working day. Prohibition of child labor. The approval of laws that guarantee safety in factories.

What was happening in Chile in 1907?

The events that culminated in the tragic massacre of the Santa María School in Iquique, on December 21, 1907, constituted one of the most emblematic milestones of the Chilean labor movement.

What is the importance of the emergence of social movements in Chile?

Presentation. The social movement in Chile during the 20th century was directly related to the struggles and claims of the working masses for better living and working conditions, and it was from these struggles that it became an actor in political life with a defined ideological identity.