What were the causes of European expansion in the nineteenth century?


Asked by: Rubén Ojeda | Last update: February 9, 2022
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Around 1870 Europe was experiencing a difficult economic situation. One of the main problems of the industrialized countries was the raw material that was beginning to run out in Europe. The other was the need to find new places to sell the products made in European industries.

What are the causes of European expansion?

The development of European trade and economy increased the need for Europeans to have precious metals to mint coins. This was one of the reasons for the expansion.

What are the causes and consequences of European expansion?

As a consequence of European expansion, the encounter between Americans and Europeans took place. Portugal and Spain created two great overseas empires (on the other side of the sea). … As evangelization was an essential objective of the process of European expansion, a new religion, Christianity, was imposed in America.

How did European expansion take place during the 19th century?

During the nineteenth century several European countries began a process of colonial expansion. In this process, the European capitalist powers militarily occupied large areas of Africa and Asia and defined the imperialist “split” of the world.

What are the causes of colonial expansion?

Economic factors (raw materials, new markets to sell and invest in, an escape valve for demographic pressure in the metropolises) Political factors (national prestige, pressure groups interested in colonization, action by politicians with great influence)

39 related questions found

What are the causes of the territorial expansion and colonialism of the 19th century?

To a large extent, colonialism arises from the economic needs of a state, associated with: Raw materials. Agricultural products such as tea (British colonialism in Asia) or rubber (Spanish colonialism in America) required climates or large expanses of land that could not be found in Europe.

What was the European expansion of the fifteenth century?

We call European expansion, as its name implies, to the process of expansion of the world already known and dominated by them between the 15th and 17th centuries. 2.1- Why did Europeans come to America? The Europeans were in search of new routes to facilitate trade with distant Asian territories.

What was the colonial expansion of the 19th century looking for?

Imperialism and colonial expansion. At the end of the 19th century, the European industrial powers embarked on the occupation of territories in other continents to look for cheap raw materials and find markets where to place the surpluses of European industry and capital.

How was the European imperialist expansion?

European imperialism was a process characterized by the great development of industrial capitalism and the colonial expansion of the great powers over Africa, Asia and the Pacific islands.

What consequences did the European economic expansion bring?

– What consequences did the European economic expansion bring? Answer: The economic and cultural splendor was accompanied by wars caused by economic, political and religious reasons. … – They acquired greater political, economic and cultural importance due to the increase in economic activities, such as trade.

What were the consequences of the European invasion?

The contagion of the diseases that the Europeans brought with them (smallpox, typhus, yellow fever, etc.) caused a collapse of the Indian population of America, with a great impact on mortality.

What consequences did European colonial domination bring?

It tended to the formation of great empires and was a constant source of conflict that led to the First World War. …

What characteristics did the imperialist expansion have?

characteristics of imperialism

Advocates the implementation of the domain of one nation over another, through the use of force. The means of production are controlled by the imperialist powers. Military and police control is pursued in the dominated territory.

How was the imperialist expansion in Asia?

Between the 1870s and the start of World War I in 1914, the United Kingdom, France, and the Netherlands, the established colonial powers in Asia, added to their empires vast tracts of territory in the Middle East, the Indian subcontinent, and Southeast Asia.

What was sought with the imperialist expansion?

The factors that facilitated imperialist expansion were: ECONOMIC: European states need to get raw materials for their industrial production and new markets to sell their products. The imperialist powers tend to force their colonies to trade exclusively with their mother country.

What was the justification for imperialist expansion?

Economic interests are the most common when it comes to explaining this phenomenon. The defenders of this conception maintain that nations are impelled to dominate others to expand their economy, acquire raw materials and labor, or to dispose of surplus capital and production.

What was imperialism looking for with the colonial administration?

What was intended was the systematic exploitation of its resources. Almost all African and Asian colonies were of this type. India was a clear example. On the other hand, there were the settlement colonies.

What changes occurred in Europe after the commercial expansion of the fifteenth century?

The new formation of European states, through voyages, were in search of alternative trade routes in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, which allowed European powers to build large and new international trade networks. Nations also searched for and found new sources of wealth.

What causes motivated the colonization of Asia and Africa in the nineteenth century?

The causes are obvious, the second industrial revolution has triumphed in the main powers and cheap raw materials are needed, almost slave labor and places to place surplus products and capital.

What were the causes and consequences of colonialism and imperialism?

causes of imperialism

European imperialism was due to the following causes: The need for raw materials. … The colonial system was ideal for this, extracting raw material from less developed countries at an affordable price and with slave or semi-slave labor. imperial competition.

What are the imperialist countries and their characteristics?

Since 9/11 the key concept is that of empire. Imperialism characterizes today not only the great powers, but also international institutions and International Law. … The definition of empire today could include China, the United States, Russia and the European Union.

What consequences did the imperialist expansion have for the populations of the territories that were annexed by the Europeans?

Imperialism caused the loss of identity of the indigenous people and implanted the patterns of behavior, education and mentality of the colonizers. The language of the rulers (especially English and French) was imposed, leading to a strong degree of acculturation.

What caused European colonialism in Europe?

European colonialism. … The causes of this colonialism were mainly technological and economic and secondarily political and cultural factors also influenced.

What were the consequences of the colony in America?

Impact. The consequences that stand out for their importance in the Conquest of America are: Disappearance of the political and organizational systems of the indigenous peoples (although in each region it happened at different times). Disappearance of many native languages ​​and the near extinction of others.

What consequences occur in the indigenous culture after the arrival of the Spanish?

Between 1492 and 1600, the pre-Columbian population of the Americas was reduced by 90%. … The indigenous population of the Americas, or rather their immune systems, had never been in contact with Eurasian diseases such as smallpox, influenza, measles and bubonic plague.