What are the towns of Ecuador most affected by oil pollution?

Asked by: Marcos Valadez | Last update: February 19, 2022
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The Siona, Secoya and Cofán indigenous peoples have been living with the consequences of oil drilling in the province of Sucumbíos, in northeastern Ecuador, for several generations. Indigenous communities, with the help of a US NGO.

How does oil affect Ecuador?

The spill was at least 15,000 barrels, according to the companies that manage the pipelines. It is the largest oil spill in Ecuador in the last 15 years. The spill affects more than 2,000 indigenous families and compromises access to drinking water for at least 120,000 people.

Where are the oil wells in Ecuador?

Amazon – Provinces of Sucumbíos, Orellana, Napo, Pastaza and Morona Santiago.

How does oil affect the river?

According to him, the oil can create a “kind of oil film” on the river that makes it difficult for light to enter the water and this alters the photosynthesis processes of the plants in the river, causing an energy imbalance.

Who are the indigenous peoples affected by oil exploitation?

The environmental degradation produced directly by oil activities and by the colonization processes that they promote constitutes a threat to the security of the communities, whose territories and subsistence resources are diminished.

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How does oil exploitation in the Amazon affect indigenous communities?

The health of indigenous communities is also severely affected. An epidemiological study in Ecuador found that for people living in oil-producing areas, the risk of various types of cancer was tens of times higher than the population average.

How was oil used by the indigenous people?

Petroleum in Venezuela has a long history, as old as the indigenous populations that already used it as a waterproofing material for the wood of their canoes and curiaras. They also used it as fuel and even in medicinal applications on the skin.

What are the damages caused by oil spills?

The main victims of oil spills are the local fauna and flora. Fish are poisoned by consuming prey with crude oil and the entire food chain is affected and can even affect humans. In addition, hydrocarbons destroy the eggs or produce malformed offspring.

What is the impact of oil on the environment?

Oil pollution in ocean waters causes an impermeable film that quickly affects marine fauna, especially mammals and birds. But it also prevents gas exchange and the passage of sunlight, elements used by phytoplankton in photosynthesis.

What is the impact of oil on the environment?

Disruption of ecosystems and displacement of animal species; contamination risks due to accidents and explosions; In addition, there are more risks of alteration of marine ecosystems because there are greater possibilities of dispersion of contaminants than in the terrestrial environment; industrial and human waste.

What are the oil fields of Ecuador?

1. OIL “PLAYS”

  1. The western “play” (sub-Andean system) Contains only 4 fields: Bermejo (the only one in production), rubí, pungarayacu and oglán. …
  2. The central “play” (Sacha-Shushufindi corridor)…
  3. The eastern “play” (Capirón-Tiputini system)

What are the oil provinces of Ecuador?

In Ecuador, the main areas of oil exploitation are the provinces of Sucumbíos, Pastaza, Morona Santiago, Napo belonging to the Amazon region and the province of Guayas in the coastal region. On the other hand, the refineries are located in Esmeraldas, Guayas, Amazonía and Manabí.

What name did the indigenous people give to oil?

Etymological origin. The Mene receives its name from the indigenous word Mene (petroleum) due to the natural emanations of this that there are in the population.

How was oil used in prehistory?

Around the year 2500 BC, about a thousand before Genesis was written, oil was already mentioned. … At the other end of the world, here in Bolivia, our primitive inhabitants of the sub-Andean highlands already used the oil that gushed from the cliffs as a healing and illuminating potion.

How does the exploitation of oil and gas affect the Amazon and the population?

Almost 400 communities in the Peruvian Amazon affected by frequent oil spills since 2014 suffer from high levels of poverty (from 45% to 59%), chronic malnutrition and lack of access to health and education services.

What damage has traditional oil exploitation caused in the Ecuadorian Amazon?

Logging of trees and deforestation for the construction of well platforms and production pools. Erosion and alteration of drainage in the construction of platforms and storage stations. Contamination of soil and vegetation with crude oil.

What is the most prominent environmental impact in the Amazon?

Deforestation releases mercury from forest soils. Mercury levels in the soils of the Ecuadorian Amazon show a decrease of up to 60% after deforestation.

Where are the main wells located?

deposits

  • Chaco. …
  • Chubut. …
  • Falkland Islands. …
  • Mendoza. …
  • Neuquen. …
  • Black river. …
  • Jump.

How many oil fields are there in Mexico?

At the end of April 2021, the number of oil and gas producing wells in operation in Mexico exceeded 4,900. About 90% of these wells were operated by the Mexican state company Petróleos Mexicanos (Pemex).

Which state in Mexico produces the most oil?

The most interesting data that the numbers show are: 96.6% of oil production is concentrated in Veracruz, Tabasco and the waters of the Gulf of Mexico (mainly Campeche). 75. % of natural gas production is also concentrated in the same 3 places (Veracruz, Tabasco and waters of the Gulf of Mexico).

What region produces the oil?

The basins with the greatest exploratory activity are those of the upper and middle valleys of Magdalena, Catatumbo, La Guajira, Cordillera Oriental, Putumayo and Llanos Orientales. The Colombian Oil Industry has been in recent years the engine of the country’s economy.

What is the oil shock?

In summary, it can be said that the following impacts occur during drilling: deforestation, loss of biodiversity, soil erosion, interruption of water flows, use of natural resources (flora and fauna) and generation of domestic waste by oil workers, generation of …

What are the main oil regions of Colombia?

The basins with the greatest exploratory activity are those of the upper and middle valleys of Magdalena, Catatumbo, La Guajira, Cordillera Oriental, Putumayo and Llanos Orientales. The Colombian Oil Industry has been in recent years the engine of the country’s economy.