What are the farming systems?

Asked by: Yago Rincon | Last updated: August 9, 2021
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The basic pillars for conservation tillage systems are: operation of specialized machinery, crop rotation, use of covers or stubble, integrated management of pests and weeds. It consists of reducing the work of preparing the soil for planting a crop or pasture.

What is the tillage system?

Tillage is the agricultural operation that consists of tracing moderately deep furrows in the soil with a hand tool or a plow. The action of tilling the land using a plow is referred to as “plowing”.

What are the different types of tillage?

Conventional Tillage (LC) based on the use of discs (heavy harrow or harrow plow). Vertical tillage (LV) by chisel and maintenance with chemical fallow. Direct Seeding (SD) through chemical fallow.

What is the minimum tillage system?

Minimum tillage in furrows or continuous: In this, the 20 to 30 cm wide furrows that will be occupied by the crop are removed, leaving the soil between the furrows undisturbed. The separation of the land within the furrows is done at a depth of 15 to 30 cm, depending on the type of soil and type of crop.

What is minimum tillage examples?

Using the minimum tillage system the land can be tilled and sown in a single operation; for example, using implements with a Chinese hand tractor, a 5-cm seed bed is obtained in one operation, seeded, and covered with soil (CA Meisner, pers. comm.).

22 related questions found

What is minimum tillage and what are its characteristics?

Minimum tillage means removing and loosening the soil only where it is going to be planted, with better conservation of the structure, less soil compaction, increased fertility, and labor, water and input savings.

What is tillage and its types?

What is tillage

It is that operation in agriculture or activity in agricultural systems that is carried out before sowing, removing the vegetal layer of the soil through manual or mechanical tools and achieving the conditioning of the land for an optimal harvest.

How is soil tillage done?

According to Pla Sentis (18), tillage generally seeks, through the mechanical manipulation of the soil to a certain depth, in combination with the management of crops and their residues, to achieve the stabilization or temporary modification of the physical properties of the soil or of the surface relief, to control the bad…

How is zero tillage done?

Zero tillage is understood as the planting that is done directly on the soil, without the need to remove it or eliminate the stubble that covers it. The important thing is to remove the weeds. Weed removal can be done before planting, or after the crop has emerged.

What are the advantages of minimum tillage and zero tillage?

With minimum tillage and zero tillage systems, growers have an alternative tool for better soil conservation. … With minimum tillage, the loss of irrigation water by evaporation is also reduced, which implies a beneficial environmental impact and resource savings.

What is the name of the tool for plowing the land?

The plow or aradro (from the Latin aratrum) is a tillage tool used in agriculture to open furrows in the earth and remove the soil before sowing.

What is used to till the land?

Shovels: they are sheets of metal, preferably steel, that are used to till the land; they can be pointed or wide in shape; They have a lower edge with a cutting edge and a long wooden handle ending in a metal handle.

What is a furrow in agriculture?

A furrow is a ditch, a gutter or a channel that is made on land. … The person in charge of the plow sets the depth of the furrow, and this also depends on the soil conditions.

What is vertical tillage?

The Great Plains Vertical Tillage concept is based on methods to avoid the creation of compaction layers, which inhibit the natural processes of crop feeding; the capillary action that allows water to seep and drain through the soil, the development of a healthy root system…

What is the relationship between climate and farming?

In relation to the climate, the decrease in OM in tropical and subtropical regions is closely related to the degradation of the soil and the environment under the conventional tillage system (Bayer et al., 2000b); but, also in the tropics, the hot and humid climate favors greater activity…

What is traditional planting?

Through traditional planting, the productivity of the soil usually drops significantly due to the reduction of organic matter, a product of excessive soil tillage. … No-tillage is a response to falling organic matter content in agricultural soils subjected to conventional tillage.

What crops can be established with zero tillage?

The sowing of small grain cereals is well adapted to zero tillage. However, there are other crops such as beet, potatoes, chicory and others with large roots, which require more soil movement in their establishment.

When is the use of zero tillage recommended?

Meanwhile, zero tillage or direct sowing is a technology that allows the sowing of the crop without any soil preparation work. To implement its use, soils with good physical, chemical, biological conditions and free of noxious weeds are required.

What is no-till farming?

04 Nov Conservation Agriculture (or agriculture without tillage) Conservation Agriculture is a farming system that appeared decades ago as an alternative to conventional agriculture and is mainly characterized by not using such aggressive machinery for the soil.

What is land tillage?

arāre. 1. tr. Remove the land by making furrows with the plow.

How is the land plowed today?

The plow today

The plows pulled by the tractors break many furrows at the same time and they are of plowshares or disks, and their efficient work is complemented by drag plows that allow a better preparation of the sowing lands.

What is earth tracking?

Tracking is the breaking up, up to 25 cm deep, of the large clods that remain after fallowing. Sometimes it includes the chopping and burying of residues from previous crops or fertilizers. Tracking is done with the disk drive.

What characteristics of the soil change with the plow?

Depending on the plow system that we use, we will get the land to change the size of its aggregates, being able to increase or reduce them. This greatly influences both plant growth and seed germination.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of tillage?

  • Reduction of water and wind erosion of the soil.
  • Increased intensity of land use.
  • Greater ease of planting and harvesting.
  • Greater moisture retention.
  • Less soil compaction.
  • Lower energy consumption.
  • It improves the physical, chemical and biological properties of the soil.

What crops are irrigated by furrows?

This irrigation system is adapted to crops planted in rows such as vegetables, corn and fruit trees in general. The water runs through the paddock from the highest to the lowest sectors, through small channels or furrows that are traced between the seeding or planting rows.