How was New Spain’s society organized in the 16th and 17th centuries?

Asked by: Rodrigo Sepúlveda Jr. | Last update: February 21, 2022
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The society of New Spain was organized based on estates, corporations and the ethnic origin of the people. This variety of social distinctions and differentiations were the reflection of a population that attached great importance to social hierarchies.

How was New Spain society organized during the 16th and 17th centuries?

New Spanish society was divided into social strata or estates whose differences were very notorious; the Laws of the Indies recognized four: Spanish whites, Mexican Indians, African blacks, and castas. The product of the racial mixture of the main groups was called castes.

Where did New Spain society live?

The Viceroyalty of New Spain was a territorial entity that was part of the Spanish Empire, established in much of North America by the Hispanic Monarchy during the Spanish colonization of America, between the 16th and 19th centuries.

What is the origin of New Spain?

The word Novohispano is used to refer to everything related to New Spain (currently Mexico), which means that in colonial times (after the discovery of America) the Republic of Mexico was called New Spain.

What was one of the areas that generated the greatest wealth from mining and that was linked to the Creoles?

The pre-eminence of the Bajío

Due to the great productivity of the Bajio region, its market became one of the most prosperous in New Spain, since a good part of the goods and supplies for mining and agriculture destined for the communities passed or were produced there. northern provinces.

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What were the activities that managed to generate great wealth in New Spain?

For domestic life, food of all kinds was brought; Clothes and shoes; products from the maguey and from tropical regions; fragrant herbs and spices; grocery items; household items; articles for hygiene and cleaning, as well as for health; agricultural implements.

How did mining influence the other colonial economic activities?

Mining in America managed to invigorate the political and administrative control of the colonies, because these lands provided the most important metal of those times: silver. … One of the pillars of mining was the workforce.

What is the New Spain origin?

The basic elements that made up the new society were the races that clashed in the conquest: white Spanish, indigenous American, and later, black African. … The Indians worked the land and were labor in all kinds of constructions.

When did the culture of New Spain start?

The culture of New Spain shows three well-defined moments: The first corresponds to the 16th century and is inspired by a religious humanism through which an attempt was made to develop the values ​​of the native population.

Where did the culture of New Spain develop?

Novohispanic rhetoric had as a frame of reference the so-called New Spain, a region of the New World, during the 16th to 18th centuries AD. C. At different times and in very varied ways, scholars have dealt with issues, authors and works that concern this discipline.

What social groups gave rise to New Spain society?

With the discovery of America in 1492 and in the following decades of colonization, three basic social groups began to be marked: Whites: peninsular Spaniards or born in America. Indians: original inhabitants of America. Blacks: slaves brought from Africa.

How was the society of New Spain studied?

The society of New Spain was organized based on estates, corporations and the ethnic origin of the people. This variety of social distinctions and differentiations were the reflection of a population that attached great importance to social hierarchies.

What activities were daily for New Spain?

As described by the author, the people of New Spain not only had fun on certain dates marked on the calendar, but also enjoyed other more everyday entertainment, such as cockfights, card games, so practiced among women (which became a cause of the economic ruin of some rich families) and …

How was the Church and its functions organized in New Spain society?

Its hierarchical organization starts from the pope, continues with the archbishops, bishops and priests. Minor orders of the secular clergy include the ranks of deacon and exorcist. The clergy, especially the regular, had the mission not only to evangelize, but also had a monopoly on the education of the entire society.

How was social hierarchy organized in Mexico in colonial times?

The Social Organization in the Colony was very decisive since everything was related according to the power that each social class demanded. … For which they were divided into Spaniards, Creoles, indigenous, mestizos and slaves.

What was the meaning of New Spain’s identity?

At the beginning of the 17th century, Creole identity is still poorly defined; It is a diffuse feeling centered on the exaltation of the beauty and fertility of the land of New Spain and the skill, ingenuity, courage, fidelity and intelligence of its Creole inhabitants.

What were the 2 cultures that contributed to the culture of New Spain?

The two cultural currents that manifested themselves in New Spain were the indigenous and the Spanish.

What are the elements of New Spain culture?

Three elements distinguish us: wine, cocoa and mezcal. Mexicanness is marked by the history of the Colony and miscegenation, but more importantly, by the legacy of religious orders and their journey through the New World.

What is New Spain Mexico?

The term novohispano is used to refer to everything that belongs to or is related to New Spain (now Mexico), since that is how the Republic of Mexico was called during the colonial era, immediately after the Discovery of America.

What privileges did the New Spain elite have?

They enjoyed privileges and prerogatives, placed their coats of arms on the facades of their elegant mansions, exercised certain functions reserved for them, occupied prominent places in religious, social and political events, wore distinguished clothing, were the object of majestic funerals, etc.

How do indigent léperos and beggars arise in the cities?

Léperos, beggars, and vagabonds who did not live in the streets and squares of the city crowded into the city’s suburbs. These places were sordid and dirty, they were in the most complete disorder and were prone to committing all kinds of crimes.

What was urban life in New Spain like?

The construction of churches, convents, government buildings and houses of notables, was the most evident testimony of the political, social, economic and cultural importance that the cities had during the Novohispanic period.

Why did mining become the most important activity in the viceroyalty?

Mining was the economic activity that had the most momentum in the colony. Well, anyone could start a mine, as long as he delivered a fifth of his profits to the Spanish crown. It was also an incentive for the conquest, exploration and colonization of new territories.

What benefits did they obtain in Europe with the mining exploitation in America?

The Spanish obtained in their American territories a fabulous amount of gold and silver, which sustained the hegemony of the Habsburg dynasty in Europe and contributed to the birth of a global economy.

What was mining like in colonial times?

The Spanish conquerors occupied the inhabited territory of what is now Colombia and stripped the indigenous people of their gold at the beginning of the 16th century. In a few places in the Nuevo Reino de Granada there were sinkhole mines, and they were exploited in the most rudimentary way. …