How did evangelization and conversion influence the process of conquest?

Asked by: Gabriela Rodríquez Segundo | Last update: February 23, 2022
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Evangelization was the process that, led by the Spanish Church, allowed the mass conversion of the American Indians to Christianity. … All the indications point to the fact that the Christianization of the indigenous people was faster in Mexico and Peru and slower in some peripheral areas.

How was the process of evangelization in America in the period of the conquest?

The spiritual conquest of America was carried out mainly through the action of religious orders, such as the Franciscans, Dominicans, Augustinians, Mercedarians and Jesuits.

How was the evangelization process?

Evangelization took place gradually as the religious orders arrived, but also with a certain disorder, since the dispersion of the missionaries prevented effective centralized work. The first important actions of evangelization began after the first Lima Council in 1551.

How was the process of evangelization of the indigenous?

The mendicant monasteries in Mexico were one of the architectural solutions devised by the friars of the mendicant orders in the 16th century for the Evangelization in New Spain, designed for a huge number of non-Catholic indigenous people.

How was the evangelization in Mexico?

The Evangelization of Mexico is the period of the history of Mexico corresponding from the arrival of the first Catholic missionaries to the Mexican territory, until completing the spiritual conquest over the indigenous peoples.

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How long did the evangelization in Mexico last?

Meanwhile, it will be until 1526 that the Dominicans arrive in Mexico; later, in 1533, the Augustinians. In 1572 it was the turn of the Jesuits, who would have tried to open a field of evangelization in Florida (1566-1572).

What was the purpose of evangelization in the conquest of Mexico?

They established missions with the purpose of expanding their religious doctrine in the different manors and converting the indigenous people to Catholicism, because, as you have already observed in previous classes, the Mesoamerican peoples were polytheistic, meaning that they believed in many gods, and this was not well seen by…

How did the friars evangelize the indigenous people?

There were two strategies used by the Franciscans in their spiritual conquest: selective and massive conversion. The first consisted of evangelizing the indigenous caciques by making the Christian religion known and the second, in the mass baptism of the natives.

How was the process of evangelization in New Spain?

Evangelization was a way of consolidating the domain of the Spanish Crown, through the Catholic tradition. Although the work of the friars was not easy at all. After the Spanish conquered Mexico Tenochtitlan, Cortés petitioned the king to send friars to teach Christianity to the indigenous people.

What did the Spanish do to evangelize the indigenous people?

The first evangelizing measure taken by the Spanish missionaries was to destroy the indigenous people’s sacred places and their religious objects of worship, because, it seemed, everything was pagan. … In this way, the religion of the indigenous was undervalued, with the conviction of carrying a superior religion and culture…

When did evangelization begin?

In 1524 a systematic program of evangelization began.

How did the Augustinians evangelize?

In their evangelizing mission, the Augustinians placed special emphasis both on Christian formation for the conversion of the natives and on their education. They taught the indigenous people agriculture, useful trades for construction, and taught them to read, write, count, and sing.

Who brought the Gospel to America?

Ever since Christopher Columbus took some religious with him on his second voyage (1494-1496), the Church has not ceased to be present in America. Priests from various religious orders, diocesan priests and friars participated in the conquest companies and accompanied the hosts everywhere.

What were the religious orders that were established in America?

The first religious orders to arrive in the American colonies were the Franciscans, the Dominicans, and the Augustinians. Among the missionaries there were different ideas about how to convert the Indians.

What religious orders evangelized New Spain?

The course “Iconography of the religious orders of New Spain” began

  1. – Evangelization of New Spain: The Franciscans. …
  2. – The Dominicans. …
  3. – The Augustinians. …
  4. – The Society of Jesus. …
  5. – The Carmelites and Mercedarians. …
  6. – The Hospital Orders.

How was the arrival of the friars?

The Augustinian friars were the last to arrive in New Spain of the 3 religious orders and their late arrival was due to the fact that the Spanish kingdom wanted them in other areas but their stubbornness was what led them to New Spain and soon arrived they founded their convent in the capital.

What was the goal of evangelization?

The purpose of evangelization was to bring the good news of salvation, that is, to preach the life of Jesus so that those who believe can proceed to repentance and salvation.

What was the reason for evangelization?

The process of evangelization in America took place during the Modern Age from the sixteenth century. His goal was to dominate the indigenous people and embed the Catholic religion. The most prominent characters in this process were Christopher Columbus, the Catholic Monarchs and the Catholic Church.

How did evangelization take place and what was its purpose?

Evangelization was the process that, led by the Spanish Church, allowed the mass conversion of the American Indians to Christianity. … All the indications point to the fact that the Christianization of the indigenous people was faster in Mexico and Peru and slower in some peripheral areas.

What is the period of evangelization called?

Evangelization in the Hispanic period.

When was the evangelization in Mexico?

In 1524, by order of Pope Adriano VI and Emperor Carlos V, the twelve Franciscan friars arrived in New Spain, headed by Fray Martín de Valencia, with the purpose of converting the natives of these lands to Christianity.

How did Christianity come to Latin America?

The first Presbyterian, Methodist, and Congregationalist missionaries began to arrive around 1872. The first Protestants in Mexico and Brazil were joined by others in countries such as Argentina, Cuba, and Chile. In Venezuela, the first Protestant missionaries arrive from 1878 in Caracas.

When did evangelization begin in Latin America?

Only around 1550 did evangelization begin with a certain order, 20 years behind the Mexican one. The Jesuits, beginning in the 1560s, became one of the most important missionary groups, with figures of the caliber of José de Acosta (1540-1600).

When did evangelization begin in Latin America?

Legend has it that in 1531, just 10 years after the fall of the Aztec empire, the Virgin of Guadalupe appeared to a Chichimeca named Juan Diego and that this epiphany made indigenous evangelization possible, since it cleared up any doubt about what the true religion, what to say about the teacher…

How did the Augustinians arrive in Mexico?

The first Augustinians arrived in Mexico in May 1533 with seven friars, and established themselves under the name of the Augustinian Congregation of the Holy Name of Jesus. On May 1, 1543 they were erected as an independent province, said erection was approved until July 1592 by Pope Clement VIII.